Anatoly von Riesenkampf (Riesenkampf Anatolij Eogorovich)

Anatoly von Riesenkampf - (Álbum Tixe)


Anatoly von Riesenkampf - (Álbum JBFS)




Investigação realizada por Eugene Snezhkin nos arquivos de Sebastopol, Janeiro de 2013


Primeiro dia da Investigação

I came to Sevastopol today in the morning and went to State archive. Spent for about an hour while got permission to enter and get access to the documents. It's not easy to find something in the archive
because they have mostly civilian files but not Navy. However I've ordered some documents with a weak hope to find mention about Anatoly Rizenkampf. I also found a book which COULD consist something about him, but the book is in Navy library in center of Sevastopol. I'm going to go there tomorrow but again will have to waste some time for the permission. Both and State archive and Navy library have restricted access but I still have my ID card from the time when I worked as a Director and it helps. :-)

I'm going to be tomorrow in Navy museum too.

I found an article in Internet where Anatily's widow writes about his murdering. The article was written by Krestiannikov who was Director of the archive. He doesn't work any more but a lady in the archive said he comes some time. She also said Krestiannikov has his own archive. I left a note for him and asked contact me by e-mail or phone. Will see.

This is all my news for today.


Segundo dia da Investigação

I went to Navy museum yesterday in the morning. The only useful thing I could find there was a book named "List of crews of Black sea navy".
It was printed in St.Peterburg (Petrograd at the time) in 1915.

Anatoly Risenkampf is listed by No 115. Whole paragraph including abbreviations only. Thanks to a lady in the museum - she explained
each abbreviation to me.

The paragraph says: Sevastopol's naval half-crew. Chief mine warehouse (mines "Whitehead") and sighting station of Sevastopol's port (Dec.8, 1907) Enrolled in the coastal part (of the Navy E.S.) (Nov.12, 1911). M1 means he graduated from mine classroom. Пр - Orthodox, Ж - married, 3Д - three children. Employed since 1885, warrant officer since 1888. Captain of 1st Rank since Apr.14, 1913. Field officer of battleship "Sinop" 1903-1905. Marine gunboat "Chernomorets", study-ship "Dnestr". Then the medals he got are listed.
The last line says about languages: he knew French and English

The ladies in the museum were very kind and helpful - I bought them a box of chocolate after I finished my research there. :-)

From the museum I went to Navy library, founded in 19 century by admiral Nakhimov - chief-commander of Russian army at the time of
Crimean war in 1854-56. My main goal was to read two books: full version of the article "Saint Bartolomeo nights" and book of Eugene
Chverkin - he described most of the buildings in center of Sevastopol with the names of owners. It was my weak hope to find Anatoly in the list of owners.

I found full version of the petition of Anatoly's widow in the red book named "Saint Bartolomeo nights". She wrote Anatoly was murdered
together with her son-in-law George Markov and nephew Anatoly Alexandrovich Risenkampf.

I've looked at 7 books of Chvertkov but unfortunately there was no name Risenkampf. :-(

I spent about three hours in the library and was ready to leave when a man, who was reading a book at the same room, asked me what I'm looking for. We talked for about half an hour and he said Anatoly could live not in center of Sevastopol but close to the mine warehouse which was quite away from downtown. This man said if he find something about Anatoly he calls me.

Unfortunately there is no any mention about Anatoly's children. :-(

It's what I could find so far.

I'm going to Sevastopol again on next week - I've ordered another in the archive list of navy officers, original document. It will be ready
for me on Monday.


Terceiro dia de investigação

I drove to Sevastopol and went straight to the archive yesterday in the morning. "The lovely lady" was waiting for me with a document I did order a week ago. It was quite interesting document but.....didn't have any mention about Risenkampf. Looking at the old, yellow pages I noticed a sign: "...address-calendar of Sevastopol city government". I didn't know what it means: address-calendar and asked
the lady about. She said it was like an address book of the city and it was issued every year - it's why "calendar". Unfortunately, she said, we only have a copy of the address-calendar from 1916 and original is in Simferopol (!) state archive, Main Crimean archive. I asked if I can take a look at this address-calendar. The lady said it's in the private collection of Krestiannikov (look at my e-mail
"First days of investigations") but he has read my letter I left for him, she said, and he is here now and I have to ask him personally. Of course I did and got his permission. :-) In next 15 minutes I could read: Von Risenkampf Anatoly Chesmenskaya street 34 (!!!!!!!!!) I couldn't believe I found Anatoly's address!!!!! I asked the lady about document where old and new names of the streets are listed and... SHE BROUGHT ME THAT BOOK!! So, Chesmenskaya street is now called Sovetskaya, located in historical center, on the city hill. Great! Now.... what's now.... I had to consider the numbers of the buildings could be changed too because Sevastopol was totally destroyed by WW2 so... so I was need an old map of center of the city. I saw such map in the book by Eugene Chvertkin  (look at my e-mai "Second day of investigations")
"Something about Sevastopol". I went to the library, ordered the book and in a few minutes I was   looking at the Anatoly's house on the map. Well, it was not his own house - there is description by Chvertkin but there is no Anatoly's name. Look at the map - No 34 is named "Kubler" - he was a trademan, owner of the building. It's possible Anatoly was renting an apartment in this building.

I believe Anatoly was an ethnic German, right? It's interesting - his record says he was orthodox (look at the record I sent you before). Please notice: there is German church right across the building No34
on Chesmenskaya street.....

It was dark when I left the library and I couldn't take a picture of the building. I guess it was rebuilt after WW2 because there are two floors now but Chvertkin writes about three floors... I'll tr to find it out. I also send you picture soon: I know someone in Sevastopol and already asked him take the picture for you.

The lady in the archive and Krestianinov, both said there is nothing else to expect left in Sevastopol because main Marine archive is in Gatchina - town not far from St.Petersburg, Russia. I found it in Internet but.... the web site says they only have documents since 1941.... :-


Mais dados

Look at two pics I've attached - this is a building where Girl school (Девичья школа) was at the time of Anatoly Risenkampf. This building is on Sobornaya 27 very close to the house where Anatoly lived. He definitely saw it...

Forgot to tell you: the building of Girls school did survive in WW2. It was damaged and repaired after the war but it's still the same, original building.

See!... In 1929 people were not allowed to write much... I mean many  details. These letters could only let to relatives know: we're still alive. :-(


Livro de endereços dos moradores de Sebastopol em 1916

Tradução do Livro dos Moradores  de Sebastopol em 1916

Chesmenskaya 34

House of merchant Andrey Ivanovich Kubler. The big three story house, not less of eight apartments. If you remember, on Nakhimovsky 43 he had a house back to 1890 where were his shop
and storage of construction materials. To get into the storage was possible  from Sinop's descent only, steep and rocky  so the cabmen who were delivering heavy stuff to the storage
always scoffed at horses. This issue by initiative of animal lovers was even discussed by city government but nothing had changed.
In Winter 1903 in Kublers house on Chesmenskaya was located Office of brigade headquarters of Crimean border, in 1908 - headquarters of 13th Infantry Division and management division
In 1910 year lived main bookkeeper of port Office State Councillor E.G.Maslovsky and commander of destroyer "Lieutenant Zatsarenny" captain of the second rank V.V.Veselovsky. In 1904-1906 yy in same rank he was first officer on "Kubanets" and "Sinop", in 1907-1908 yy commanded by destroyer "Zhivoy".
In Winter 1917 y lives one more representative of Navy - commander of battleship "Free Russia" captain of the first rank Foos.
Already in soviet time (1924) in this building has been located Police office, crime detection office and club of Political Prisoners. But L.I.Fooki tells also about Cheka.
Please notice name of V.V.Veselovsky. He was  first officer on "Kubanets" and "Sinop" in 1904-1906 but Anatoly Risenkampf was a field officer on the same ship "Sinop" in 1903-1905 yy sooooo.... they knew each other for sure. And they lived (rented an apartment) at the same house on Chesmenskaya 34. Maybe they were friends? Maybe one of them
invited another to the house? Could be interesting to find out in what year Anatoly moved to Chesmenskaya 34.


Mapa de Sebastopol em 1916, mostrando a casa da família Riesenkamp na Chesmenskaya street 34


Residência localizada na Chesmenskaya street 34 ( Hoje Sovetskaya) em Janeiro de 2013

Capa do Livro ""List of crews of Black Sea Navy" - Editado:Petrogrado 1915

Anatoly von Riesenkampf é o número 115 da lista do livro " "List of crews of Black Sea Navy"

Capa do Livro Vermelho  "Noite de São Bartolomeu"

Descrição feita por Natalia von Riesenkampf no livro " Noite de São Bartolomeu " Pag. 133

Descrição feita por Natalia von Riesenkampf no livro " Noite de São Bartolomeu" Pag. 134

Insígnias da Marinha Russa

Riesenkampf Alexander Egorovich (1821-1895) - Amigo de Dostoevsky


Anatoly von Riesenkampf  foi oficial de campo do Navio de Guerra "Sinop" (1903-1905)

Mais informações sobre o Navio de Guerra "Sinop"


Navio Canhoeiro "Chernomorets"

Site russo sobre o navio Chernomorets

Navio Escola Dnestr

Mais informações sobre o Navio Escola "Dnestr SS" (1894~1910)




I found books online that you mentioned on the web page.   1913 year #1 - captain II grade   1911 year #35 captain II grade
This info you have already on the page: 


I also found Navy list of 1904 year - screenshot attached
Most of the info is the same -senior officer of battleship "Sinop" starting 17.11.1903
2 children yet.
On the right medal and orders: Silver medal in memory of Alexander III (1896), Saint Stanislaus order 3 grade (6.12.1897), Saint Anna order 3 grade (6.12.1901)
New info is on the left bottom - in foreign journey on corvette "Razboynik (Robber)" 892-896, 
and below - last journey 1903.


In St-Petersburg adress book 1892 year.
von-Riesenkampf Anatolij Eogorovich , Bolshoi pr.  V.O. h. 19 (358)
Riesenkampf Varvara Pawlona, Bolshoi pr.  V.O. h. 21 (422) // it's his mother
V.O. - Vassilievskij island  (I aslo living on this island, so not far from my home -15 min by feet)
Numbers in brackets - columns where they mentioned in 1st part of the book - state institutions -> looking there...
358 - 18th Navy crew, Galernaya harbor, Deryabina village: warrant officer A.A. Riesenkampf
422 - St-Petersburg Elisabeth School, V.O. 13-line h.14; Teacher: V.P. Riesenkampf

Bolshoi pr. - Bolsholi avenue 19 and 21 these houses situated just near the church - St. Andreas cathedral. So probably elder daughters were baptised there...

In 1895 the book is not so detailed but it's menitoning both:
Riesenkampf Anatolij Eogorovich , 18th Navy crew - as we know now he was sailing overseas...
Riesenkampf Varvara Pavlona, V.O. 9-line h. 20, Elisabeth School (Institute)

in 1901 Anatolij is not mentioned.
Varvara Pavlovna mentioned as widow of "titulyarnyi sovetnik" (beamter) and living in Dolgorukovskiy str. 2
interesting that she living with daughter of general-"infanterii" Maria Egorovna - here she is
death year I think not right - will chek - I expect in 1874 she worked in Smolny institute.
Marie and Anatolij were second cousins.

Birth place in German documents maybe not right...
In Russian passport birthplace is not mentioned - just written 18 years old.

Address book 1866-7. In the left column Riesenkampf Egor Egorovich TtC - "titulayrnyai sovetnik" Birgevaya sq. h.1-2 ap.55. in government service. 
It's address of Antolij father he was Stabsrittmeister in army (1849, X grade) and according this he was in civil service with IX grade.

And there was "widow house" in Dolgorukovckiy street - I think for noble old single women. It was near Smolny institute for girls


In 1898 Anatolij Egorovic lived in Kronstadt  (St.Petersburg address book 1898)
leutenant, Narvskaya str. h. Trofimova, 8th Navy crew - now the street named Martynova.
One of these houses....



    April 25, 2014

    Please find below result of our work with documents available in the Russian State Navy Archive (RGA VMF), ordered by you.


1.    Fond 406 inventory 9 file 3500. There is one complete service record and two additional records in this file. Please let us know if you wish copies of some from there documents.


1.1. Pages 1-7 (13 pages). Complete service record of 2nd rank captain Anatoly von-Risenkapf compiled on October 15, 1911.

Anatoly Egorovich von Risenkampf, head of the Witehead Mine Warehouse and of the Mine Ranging Station in the city of Sevastopol.   


Awards: St. Stanislaw of 3rd (December 6, 1897) and 2nd rank (December 6, 1906); St. Anne of 3rd rank (December 6, 1901); silver medal in Memory of Reign of the Emperor Alexander III on March 21, 1896.

Date of birth: June 22, 1868.

Origin: Nobleman, native of the city St. Petersburg

Religion: Orthodox

Education: Navy High School

Salary per year: 1480 ruble of salary plus 1095 ruble of dinner money.

Composition of family:

Wife: daughter of Admiralty colonel Georgy Voronin, Natalia. 1st time marriage for the both.

Children: Olga born November 26, 1899; Maria born June 25, 1901; Nina born February 15, 1905.

Wife and daughters are Orthodox.

Real estate property of himself, his wife, parents: No.



He entered in the Navy School on September 16, 1882; real service is registered since September 22, 1885.

On September 12, 1886 he was promoted to the rank of junior non-commissioned officer; on August 30, 1887 to guard-marine.

On September 22, 1888, after passing exam he was promoted to the rank of midshipman. (Highest order # 419 on Navy Department).

On September 30, 1888 he was entered in the 6th navy crew.

On December 6, 1888 was attached to the 8th navy crew up to April 1, 1889.

On April 3, 1889 he returned in his crew.

After the crews disbandment, on October 1, 1891 he was entered in the 18th navy crew. 

On January 3, 1892, he was appointed to position of clerk of the Crew Law-Court.

On June 16, 1892 – acting adjunct of the 18th crew.

On December 6, 1894, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant by the Highest order #7 on Navy Department.

October 15, 1895, the cruiser commander appointed him to position of acting auditor on the cruiser “Razboinik”.

He was confirmed on position auditor on February 3, 1896. 

June 12, 1896 – August 9, 1896: clerk of the united Crew Law-Court.   

On June 27, 1896, the Staff of Cronstadt Port appointed him to position of chief of the ruler persons’ rowing vessels.

November 17, 1896 he was moved from Baltic to the Black-Sea fleet by order # 217 on the Navy Department.

On November 24, 1896 he was entered in the 34th fleet crew.

January 27, 1897, he was appointed to position of auditor on the mine cruiser «Kazarski». On May 27, 1897 he was registered in the armed reserve on this cruiser.       

July 25, 1897 he was moved in the 33rd fleet crew with leaving on position of auditor on the cruiser “Kazarski”.

September 6, 1897 – appointed in the mine-layer officer’s class in Cronstadt.

September 4, 1898 – enlisted among the mine-layer officers of the 2nd rank being graduated from the mine-layer officer’s class.

November 11, 1898 – appointed to position of the 2nd mine-layer officer on the armadillo “Rostislav”.

December 10, 1898 – commander of the 6th campaign of the mines cruiser “Kazarski”.    

March 21, 1899 – appointed to position of teacher in the mine-layer class on the training ship “Berezan”.

September 28, 1900 – mine-layer officer on transport “Bug”.

October 9, 1900, he was moved in the 34th fleet crew.

October 10, 1900, he was appointed to position of commander of the 5th and 6th campaigns.

On October 30, 1900 the 5th and 6th were transformed to the 5th campaign.

On February 27, 1901, he was appointed to position of the senior mine-layer officer of the training ship “Berezan”, and teacher assistant in the class of mine-layer officers. The same time he was discharged from the transport “Bug”.

On March 26, 1901, he was discharged from position of commander of the 5th campaign.

March 28, 1901 – enlisted in the armed reserve on the training ship “Berezan” since April 1.

April 18, 1901 – was moved in the 31st fleet crew.

October 5, 1901, he became officer of the watch on the training ship “Berezan” being in armed reserve.

October 6, 1901 – teacher in the mine-layer class on the same ship.

October 19, 1901 he was enlisted in the 1st rank mine officers.       

On December 6, 1901, he was moved in training detachment of Black Sea fleet.

March 29, 1902 – senior mine-layer officer on the training ship “Berezan” and teacher assistant in the mine-layer class.

October 1, 1902 – officer of the watch in armed reserve on the training ship “Berezan”. The same day he was appointed to position of teacher in the mine-layer class.

January 23, 1903, he was temporary appointed to position of acting senior officer of the training ship “Berezan” with enlisting in the armed reserve.

October 1, 1903, he was appointed to position of senior mine-layer officer on armadillo “Chesma” with enlisting in the armed reserve and saving his teacher position.  

October 8, 1903 he was temporary appointed to position of acting senior officer of the training ship “Berezan”, again.

November 17, 1903 he was appointed to position of senior officer of armadillo “Synop”.

April 30, 1904, he received the post of member of the Admission Committee of Sevastopol port. September 20, 1904 – discharged from this post.

February 10, 1905 – acting commander of armadillo “Synop” for a time of illness of the 1st rank captain Afanasiev.

April 26, 1905 – enlisted in armed reserve of armadillo “Synop” as senior officer.

November 7, 1905 – senior officer of the naval gunboat “Chernomorets”.

December 10, 1905 – teacher of mine-layer class of the mine-layer school of Black Sea fleet with saving previous position.    

March 28, 1906 – temporary commander of the naval gunboat “Chernomorets” for a time of being 2nd rank captain Danilevski in mission.

On April 2, 1906, he was promoted to 2nd rank captain.

September 12, 1906, after disbanding crews, he was enlisted in the 2nd Black Sea crew.

November 20, 1906, he was appointed to position of senior officer of the training ship “Dnestr”.

May 4, 1907 – temporary appointed to position of senior officer of the armadillo «Twelve Apostles».

May 15, 1907 - member of the Admission Committee of Sevastopol port.

July 5, 1907 - member of the Navy Law-Court of Sevastopol port.

October 14, 1907 – temporary commander of armadillo № 251 with saving his previous position.

December 8, 1907 – chief of mines detachment with saving his previous position.

December 8, 1907 – temporary acting chief of the mine ranging station of Sevastopol port.

December 31, 1907 - Chief of the Witehead Mine Warehouse and the mine ranging station of Sevastopol port registering since December 8.

October 1, 1908 – enlisted in Sevastopol half-crew because of abolition the 29th navy crew.

June 12, 1909 – appointed to the post of member of the commission for acceptance tests of underwater mine devices installed on the cruiser “Kagul”.

Then (no date), he was appointed to position of chairman of commission for testing and admission to the treasury the mine devices produced by the company Shipbuilding and Mechanical Factory on the destroyer “Zavidnyi”: injunction #240 of the Main Commander of Sevastopol port.

Besides, in June 1902 and May 1903 he was the member of exams commissions for promotion officers to the next rank.    

Being in leave: On December 6, 1888, after promotion to the rank of midshipman, he was leaved from the Navy School for 2 months; returned at time.  

Participation in Military actions: No. 


On pages 5-7 (5 pages), there is information about his navigations, as for example:

In the year 1883 since May 30 up to August 22, on the steamship-frigate “Rurik” commanded by the captain lieutenant Medvedev, in navigation on the Baltic Sea – 85 days.

Etc, up to January 1, 1910.


Service record is signed with the 2nd rank captain von Risenkampf.


1.2. Pages 8-9verso (4 pages).

Additional service record of the chief of Mine Ranging Station of Sevastopol port, 1st rank captain Anatoly Egorovich von Risenkampf. Compiled up to January 1, 1913.

No changes to the complete service record provided to the Main Navy Staff in the year 1910.

Composition of family: no changes;

Real estate property: no changes;

Participation in military actions: No.


On November 12, 1911, he was enlisted in the coastal fleet with leaving his position.  

December 6, 1911 – Highest granted order of St. Anne of the 2nd rank.

September 22, 1912 – Highest granted St. Vladimir order of 4th rank with the bow. Order # 702/36 on the Navy Department. 

April 14, 1913 – Highest promoted to 1st rank captain. Order # 1181 on the Navy Department.


January 1, 1911 – January 1, 1912 – Chief of the Ranging Station of Sevastopol port.

January 1 - July 1, 1912 - The same position.

July 1 – December 31, 1912 – The same.



1.3. Pages 10-11verso (4 pages).

Additional service record of 1st rank captain Anatoly Egorovich von Risenkampf compiled to January 1, 1914.

No changes to information in previous records.

The same information about St. Anne and St. Vladimir orders.

On February 21, 1913, he was granted bronze medal in honor of 300-Years Reign of the Romanoff Family.

On April 14, 1913 – promotion to 1st rank captain (as in previous record).

The same positions as before in 1911, 1912;

January 1 – April 14, 1913 - Chief of the Ranging Station of Sevastopol port.

April 14 – June 30, 1913 – The same.

July 1 – December 31, 1913 – The same.


    2. Fond 418 inventory 1 file 2681. 296 pages and versos. Documents for June 24, 1914 – October 11, 1917.

    Navy General Staff. 2nd Strategical Department. Mines division.  


    Please find below photo of the ranging station taken from Internet. Its ceremonial opening in Dvuyakornaya Bay near Feodosia took place on March 26 (old style), 1914. 



    Documents from the file:    


    Page 259. Telegram # 2625.

To the Chief of Navy Staff in Sevastopol. October 18, 1914.

Why 2nd rank captain Risenkampf destroyed ranging station in Feodosia; did he does it on his own or received an instruction for this act?

Signed with Rusin (admiral, chief of Navy Main Staff).


    Page 260. Telegram # 8099. 20 октября 1914 г.

To the Navy Minister in Sevastopol. Received on October 20, 1914. Sent at 10.12 am, October 19.  

I did not give any injunctions for the station destroying to Risenkampf, and I condemn his actions.

Signed with Ebergard (admiral, Fleet Commander).


    No more information about this, but we may be sure that this fact was provoked by military actions which took place there that time. German armadillo “Geben” and light cruiser “Breslaw” bombed Black-Sea coast under Turkish flags. There is a document which confirms this:


1914: SMS Goeben e SMS Breslau


Link Feodosia:


    Page 267. Copy of secrete report # 1326 of the Mines Department of Shipbuilding Main Administration to the Navy General Staff. March 9, 1915.  

    Mines Department asks Navy General Staff to inform if some measures for protection Feodosia ranging station against the recurrence of the past unfortunate incident are planning. For example, it would be possible to place one or two guns on two headlands bounding Dvuyakornaya Bay in which the station is located. This measure was verbally asked by the Mine Department when the Turks started military actions by the raid on Feodosia, Odessa and Novorossiysk on October 16 past year.


Signed with Major-General Remmert.